benefice

/benafas/ In ecclesiastical law, in its technical sense, this term includes ecclesiastical preferments to which rank or public office is attached, otherwise described as ecclesiastical dignities or offices, such as bishoprics, deaneries, and the like; but in popular acceptation, it is almost invariably appropriated to rectories, vicarages, perpetual curacies, district churches, and endowed chapelries. A term derived from the feudal law, in which it signified a permanent stipendiary estate, or an estate held by feudal tenure. 4 Bl.Comm. 107.
See English Patronage (Benefices) Measure Act, 1986. The modern term designates an office with care for souls but not an office as vicar or in a church
Fr. bénéfice
/beyneyfiys/
In French law, a benefit or advantage, and particularly a privilege given by the law rather than by the agreement of the parties

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • bénéfice — [ benefis ] n. m. • 1198; lat. beneficium « bienfait », de bene « bien » et facere « faire » I ♦ 1 ♦ Avantage. Le bénéfice de l âge. ⇒ privilège. Laissons lui le bénéfice du doute. Quel bénéfice avez vous à mentir ? AU BÉNÉFICE DE : au profit de …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bénéfice — BÉNÉFICE. s. m. Privilége accordé par le Prince ou par les Eois. C est un droit dont il jouit par bénéfice du Prince. Être héritier par bénéfice d inventaire. Être reçu par bénéfice de cession. f♛/b] On appelle Lettres de bénéfice d âge, Des… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • benefice — BENEFICE. s. m. Privilege, grace. Benefice du Prince. benefice d âge. heritier par benefice d âge. heritier par benefice d inventaire. estre receu au benefice de cession. Benefice d âge. Ce sont lettres de Chancellerie que les mineurs obtiennent… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Benefice — • Popularly the term is often understood to denote either certain property destined for the support of ministers of religion, or a spiritual office or function, such as the care of souls Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Benefice      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Benefice — Bénéfice Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bénéfice (homonymie). Un bénéfice ou excédent ou solde positif, provient de recettes et autres produits comptables supérieures à des dépenses et autres coûts (charges comptables). L inverse (écart… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benefice — Ben e*fice, n. [F. b[ e]n[ e]fice, L. beneficium, a kindness, in LL. a grant of an estate, fr. L. beneficus beneficent; bene well + facere to do. See {Benefit}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A favor or benefit. [Obs.] Baxter. [1913 Webster] 2. (Feudal Law)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • benefice — Benefice, Beneficium. Recevoir un benefice ou bien fait, Accipere beneficium, Habere beneficium ab aliquo. Intrus en un benefice, Grassatus in possessionem beneficij. Benefices tombez en deport, Sacerdotia quae in causam caduci cesserunt.… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Benefice — Ben e*fice, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Beneficed}.] To endow with a benefice. Note: [Commonly in the past participle.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • benefice — c.1300, a church living, from O.Fr. benefice (13c.) and directly from L. beneficium a favor, service, generosity, kindness, benefit, from beneficus generous, kind, benevolent, obliging, from bene (see BENE (Cf. bene )) + ficus, from stem of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • benefice — [ben′ə fis] n. [ME < OFr < ML beneficium < L, a kindness, service, promotion < BENEFIC] 1. land held by a feudal tenant for services rendered the owner 2. an endowed church office providing a living for a vicar, rector, etc. 3. its… …   English World dictionary

  • Bénéfice — (fr., spr. Benefis), 1) so v.w. Beneficium; bes. 2) (Beneficevorstellung), Vorstellung, deren Ertrag, nach Abzug der Kosten, einem Schauspieler od. einer Schauspielerin (beide Beneficianten) zu Gute kommt. Garantirtes B., wenn die Direction eine… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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